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Chu Chun Pan

 
Pinyin & Chinese characters Xu Zhenpeng 徐振鹏

Variant Spellings & Other Names Ching Pan Chu
Chu Chin Pan

Other Chinese Name(s) Xu Jicheng 徐季程

Detachment 3

LaFargue No. 72

Date of Birth 27 February 1864 (Tongzhi 3.1.20)

Place of Birth Xiangshan (Zhongshan), Guangdong

Age at Departure for US 11 (Lunar Calendar)

Date of Death  
Place of Death Beijing

Place(s) of Residence in US (1) Hadley, MA;
(2) Hartford, CT.1

American Host Family/ies (1) Miss Maria [Mariah] L. Pasco;
(2) Dr. Edward W. & Hilah A. Kellogg2

School(s), with dates Rockville High School, Rockville, CT, ?-1880;
Hartford Public High School, Hartford, CT, 1880-1881.3

Notable Activities/Awards in School  
College/University, with dates Yale College (?)4

Notable Activities/Awards in College  
Degree/Diploma Obtained (date)  
First Assignment in China Assigned to Fuzhou Naval School

Later Positions

Navy Officer: Transferred from Fuzhou Naval School to Beiyang (Northern) Squadron;

Captain of cruiser Huan T’ai 环泰5;

1894-95 Participated in the Sino-Japanese War, Battle of the Yalu6;

1910  winter Participated in the Commission for the Reorganization of the Navy 筹备海军事务处 as a 1st Class Staff Officer 一等参谋官;

Early 1911  Awarded the military title of Xiedu Tongxian 协都统衔;

Admiral of the Yangtze Squadron; Vice-Minister of the Navy.

Republican era:

1912 Commander of the 2nd Fleet;

1913  During the "Second Revolution," by the pro-Koumingtang forces against Yuan Shikai, Chu led the 2nd Fleet to Hubei, Shanghai and other places to suppress the pro-Yuan forces.  For his services he was decorated with the Wenhu (Striped Tiger) Order, 3rd Class medal 三等文虎章;

1914  Promoted to Vice Admiral of the Navy;

1915 Commander of the Training Fleet, based in Shanghai;

1918  Appointed Undersecretary of the Navy Department in charge of administration 海军部次长,兼管总务厅事

1925  Resigned from service.

Employment Sector(s) Navy

Final Rank, if in Gov't Service Qing era: Vice-Minister of the Navy; Republican era: 海军部次长

Father's Name Xu Deguang 徐徳广, who was employed in the workshop of the Fuzhou Naval Yard 福建船政局.  Deguang was an uncle of Xu Run 徐润 (1838-1911), the well-known Xiangshan businessman and colleague of Yung Wing in recruiting students for CEM.
Mother's Name  
Wife/wives  
Family Relations w/ other CEM Students  
Children's Names

Two daughters: (1) 徐文 Chu Men (Xu Wen); (2) younger daughter, western name Elsie, married Bartlett Golden Yung (1879-1942), second son of Yung Wing.

Descendants  
Other Chu Chun Pan was a younger cousin (堂第) of Xu Run.

Notes and Source

 

Information on family relations kindly supplied by Ms. Qiao Songdu 乔松都, in Qiao (2010).

Other career data sourced from Chu's brief biography in 百道百科 website: http://baike.baidu.com/view/343058.htm

1.  Residences: Rhoads (2011), p. 52, Table 5.1 (Hadley, MA); U.S. Census 1880, Rhoads (2011), p. 141, Table 9.2 (Hartford, CT).

2. American hosts: Rhoads (2011), p. 52, Table 5.1 (Miss Maria L. Pasco).  (Cf. Robyn [1996], p. 146, where "Paseo" is error for Pasco.  First name spelled "Mariah" in U.S. Census records, June 1880.)  Rhoads (2011), p. 141, Table 9.2 (Dr. Edward W. Kellogg).  Dr. Edward W. Kellogg (1840-1921) was Yung Wing’s eldest brother-in-law.

3. Schools: Rhoads (2011), p. 97, Table 7.2 (Rockville HS); p. 96 Table 7.2 (Hartford Public HS).

4. Qian & Hu (2003), p. 106; Qian & Hu 2004), p. 114. Chu's attendance at Yale is not otherwise confirmed.

5. According to Yung Shang Him (1939), p. 28; Yung Shang Him (10/1939), p. 252.  The accuracy of this information may be questionable: the cruiser, Huan T’ai (built at Fuzhou, launched 1887), was assigned to the Nanyang Squadron in the South. Wright (2000), pp. 55-56; 68.

6. Chu served as a Second Torpedo Officer aboard the German-built battleship Ting Yuen (Dingyuan 定远), the flagship of the Chinese fleet, during the Battle of the Yalu River (17 September 1894).  Qian & Hu (2003), p. 197; Qian & Hu (2004), p. 207.