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Liang Yu Ho


1.  About age 12, just before leaving for U.S. (LaFargue Collection)  4. 1890 CEM Christmas Reunion (LaFargue Collection)


Pinyin & Chinese characters Liang Ruhao 梁如浩

Variant Spellings & Other Names Liang Ju Ho
M. T. Liang
Meng Ting Liang

Other Chinese Name(s) Original personal name 原名: Taozhao 滔昭
Hao 号: Mengting 梁孟亭,梦亭
Zi 字: Ruhao 如浩
American nickname: “Chalie Cold Fish”1

Detachment 3

LaFargue No. 62

Date of Birth 1863

Place of Birth Xiangshan (Zhongshan), Guangdong

Age at Departure for US 12 (Lunar Calendar)

Date of Death 14 October 1941

Place of Death Tianjin

Place(s) of Residence in US (1) Springfield, MA;
(2) Hartford, CT


American Host Family/ies

(1) Eugene C. & Harriet B. (Hubbard) Gardner, Springfield, MA
(2) William B. & Virginia T. Smith, Hartford, CT.2

School(s), with dates Hooker Street Grammar School, Springfield, MA, 1877-783

Hartford Public High School, Hartford, CT, 1879-18803

Notable Activities/Awards in School  
College/University, with dates Stevens School of Technology, Hartford, CT (1880-1881)4 

Notable Activities/Awards in College  
Degree/Diploma Obtained (date)  
First Assignment in China Assigned as draftsman to Tianjin Munitions Factory Western Branch as draftsman 天津西局兵工厂绘图员.5

Later Positions

1883: Reassigned to staff of P. G. von Möllendorff (1847-1901), Viceroy Li Hung Chang's chosen advisor to the Korean government; Möllendorff sought to create an independent Korean Customs Service but was unsuccessful6;

1885: After Möllendorff's resignation, joined staff of Yuan Shikai 袁世凯 in Korea;

1894: Returned with Yuan to China; appointed Director of Railway Transport for region inside Northeast Provinces 委 关内铁路运输处处长; later put in charge of Bei-Ning Railway Administration 北宁铁路总办;

1901: Enlisted the aid of Jeme Tien Yau (Zhan Tianyou 詹天佑 I, 15) to build for the Empress Dowager the 43 km rail line from Beijing to the Manchu imperial tombs – China’s first native-built railway 西陵铁路;

1902: Assumed control of the Beijing-Shanhaiguan railroad on its release from the allied armies sent to quell the Boxer insurgents;

1905: Diplomatic appointment to Holland; appointed Expectant Daotai by donation 纳资捐升候补道;

1906 April: appointed Customs Daotai of Fengtien-Chinchow-Shanhaikwan Circuit 奉锦山海关道 and Director of Northeast Region Railways;

1907: Customs Commissioner of Tianjin and of Newchwang 牛庄, Manchuria (modern Yingkou 营口, Liaoning 辽宁) where he negotiated the retrocession of Liaoning Peninsula, seized by the Japanese during war with Russia; in April, appointed Customs Taotai of Tianjin, and in October, Taotai of Shanghai;

As Customs Intendant of Shanghai, he was successful in gaining cooperation in suppression of opium trade within the International Concession;

1907-08: Superintendent of Beiyang University 北洋大学 (now Tianjin University);

1908 March: Councilor of the Board of Foreign Affairs; July: Chief Secretary to the Viceroy of the Three Eastern Provinces; appointed Governor of Fengtien 奉天 (modern Liaoning) Province.

1909 June: recalled to Beijing.

1911 November: Offered post of Vice Minister of Communications in Yuan Shikai's Cabinet but did not accept. Nominated for post of Minister of Communications in first Republican Cabinet but nomination was rejected by Parliament.7

Under the Republic he joined the Kuomintang 国民党;

1912 September: Appointed Minister of Foreign Affairs 外交总长; due to infighting in high places, he resigned after 2 months, and went back to Tianjin;

1920-21: Assisted in organization and elected President of North China International Society of Famine Relief.

1921 November: Appointed Senior Adviser 高等顾问 to Chinese delegation to Washington Conference; 

1922: As chief of Commission on the Rendition of Weihaiwei 接收威海卫委员会, negotiated with the British for the return of the concession at Weihaiwei and initialed the agreement in 1923;

1924: Retired to Tianjin.  Served in voluntary organizations, including Chairman of the North China International Society of Famine Relief.

Employment Sector(s) Government; Railway Administration; Diplomacy

Final Rank, if in Gov't Service Minister of Foreign Affairs

Father's Name  
Mother's Name  
Wife/wives  Lu Aide (Ida) 卢爱德

Family Relations w/ other CEM Students First cousin of Tong Shao Yi (Tang Shaoyi 唐绍仪 III, 61). 
3rd son, Pete Pao Chang Liang 梁宝暢 married Mabel Bao Quan Tong 唐宝琄, 6th daughter of Tong Shao Yi.

Children's Names Six sons: 1. Liang Pao Chien, Paul (Liang Baojian 梁宝鑑);
2. Liang Pao Cheok, Jack  (Liang Baozhuo 梁宝焯);
3. Liang Pao Chang, Pete (Liang Baochang 梁宝畅);
4. Kenneth Liang;
5. Liang Pao Ping, William (Liang Baoping 梁宝平);
6. Tommy Pao Ho Liang (Liang Baohe 梁宝和);
One daughter: Grace Pao Lu Liang (Liang Baolu 梁宝禄) Yapp (married Daniel K. F. Yapp)

Descendants Among grandsons: Dr. Edward Liang (Liang Yin 梁寅), of New York City; William Liang (Liang Guanpei 梁關培), of Melbourne, Australia; Bobby Liang (Liang Guanyao 梁觀耀), of Wuhan, China.

Notes and Sources Much career and genealogical data courtesy Dr. Edward Y. Liang and William K. P. Liang, supplemented by information in LaFargue (1987) and Qian & Hu (2003) and Qian & Hu (2004).

1. Qian & Hu (2003), 81; Qian & Hu (2004), 93.

2. U.S. Census, 1880; Rhoads (2011), p. 140, Table 9.2.

3. Rhoads (2011), p. 91, Table 7.1 (Hooker St. GS); p. 96, Table 7.2 (Hartford PHS).

4. Who's Who (1917; 1978), p. 89; Who's Who (1925), p. 500; Rhoads (2011), p. 117, Table 8.1.

5. Rhoads (2011), p.198.

6. Rhoads (2011), p. 200; Hummel (1944), Vol. I, p. 468.

7. Who's Who (1925), p. 501.