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Tsao Ka Chuck

Pinyin & Chinese characters Cao Jiajue 曹家爵1

Variant Spellings & Other Names Tsae Kia Cheou
Ts’au Kia Tsich
Ts’au Kia Tsioh
Tsao Kia Tsioh
Tsao Kuei Cheong

Other Chinese Name(s)  
Detachment 3

LaFargue No. 77

Date of Birth 1863

Place of Birth Shunde, Guangdong

Age at Departure for US 12 (Lunar Calendar)

Date of Death 18 April 18752

Place of Death Hartford, CT, CEM Headquarters

Place(s) of Residence in US (1) North Amherst, MA;
(2) CEM Headquarters, Hartford, CT3

American Host Family/ies (1) Charles H. & Mary W. (Adams) Kellogg, North Amherst, MA;
(2) 34 Sumner St., Hartford, CT.3

School(s), with dates  
Notable Activities/Awards in School  
College/University, with dates  
Notable Activities/Awards in College  
Degree/Diploma Obtained (date)  
First Assignment in China  
Later Positions  
Employment Sector(s)  
Final Rank, if in Gov't Service  
Father's Name  
Mother's Name  
Family Relations w/ other CEM Students Probably the elder brother or cousin of Tsao Ka Hsiang (Cao Jiaxiang 曹家祥III, 67). They are said to have been natives of the same village, Hengyu Cun 横圩村, in Shunde District 顺德县 of Guangdong.4

Children's Names  
Other Tsao Ka Chuck was the first CEM student to die in the United States. At Yung Wing’s request, Reverend Joseph H. Twichell, Pastor of the Asylum Hill Congregational Church in Hartford, officiated at Tsao’s funeral, held 20 April 1875.  ”Cao’s body was to have remained in Hartford unless sent for by his family in China, but this did not come to pass, and he was buried at Spring Grove Cemetery—the first Chinese burial in the history of Hartford.”5

Notes and Sources

1.  Personal name written 嘉爵 in Xu (1978), p. 41, and in student list compiled by Tong Yuen Chan (Tang Yuanzhan 唐元湛 II, 53); written 家爵 in Shen Bao 申报 (6 August 1874), in student list compiled by Won Bing Chung (Wen Bingzhong 温秉忠 II, 36), and in Yung Shang Him (1939), p. 28; Yung Shang Him (10/1939), p. 252.

2. Robyn (1996), p. 186, n. 272, citing Hartford Daily Courant, 20 April 1875, 2:4.

3. Residences and host: Rhoads (2011), p. 52, Table 5.1 (North Amherst, MA; Charles & Mary Kellogg); Hartford Daily Courant, loc. cit. (CEM headquarters, Hartford, CT).

4. As noted in student list compiled by Tong Yuen Chan; Rhoads (2011), p. 57.

5. Robyn (1996), p. 49, citing Hartford Daily Times, 20 April 1875, 3:4.