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Tsao Mao Hsang1

Pinyin & Chinese characters Cao Maoxiang 曹茂祥

Variant Spellings & Other Names Mow Cheong Tsow 
Other Chinese Name(s)  
Detachment 3

LaFargue No. 78

Date of Birth 1865

Place of Birth Shanghai, Jiangsu

Age at Departure for US 10 (Lunar Calendar)

Date of Death (Died young)

Place of Death  
Place(s) of Residence in US (1) Farms Village (Simsbury), CT
(2) Belchertown, MA2

American Host Family/ies (1) Miss Clara J. Alford
(2) Heman E. & Sarah A. Moody, Belchertown, MA2

School(s), with dates  
Notable Activities/Awards in School  
College/University, with dates  
Notable Activities/Awards in College  
Degree/Diploma Obtained (date)  
First Assignment in China

Assigned to the Viceroy’s Hospital Medical School, Tianjin 天津西医医学馆3

Later Positions Medical officer in the Navy; Surgeon General of Northern Fleet.4

Employment Sector(s) Medicine; Navy

Final Rank, if in Gov't Service  
Father's Name  
Mother's Name  
Family Relations w/ other CEM Students  
Children's Names  
Notes and Sources 1.  LaFargue’s spelling “Hsang” may be a typographical error for “Hsiang”.  Cf. Yung Shang Him (1939), p. 28; Yung Shang Him (10/1939), p. 252.

2. Residences and hosts: Rhoads (2011), p. 53, Table 5.1 (Farms Village, CT; Miss Clara J. Alford); U.S. Census 1880, Rhoads (2011), p. 140, Table 9.2 (Belchertown, MA; Heman [var. Hemon, Herman] E. & Sarah A. Moody).

3. In 1880 Dr. John Kenneth Mackenzie (1850-1888), a medical missionary associated with the London Missionary Society, opened a small hospital in Tianjin with the approval of Viceroy Li Hongzhang.  In 1881, learning of the decision to recall the CEM, Mackenzie recommended to Li that eight of the returning students be assigned to the medical school which he wished to establish at the hospital.  (Seven CEM students are known to have entered: listed Rhoads [2011], pp. 190-194, Table 11.1.)  With Li’s compliance, the school opened in December 1881 under Mackenzie’s direction, becoming the first medical school authorized by the Chinese government.  See Bryson (1891), pp. 229-230.  Cf. Shi (2000), p. 202; Rhoads (2011), pp. 198-199.

4. Rhoads (2011), p. 199.