Text Size S M L
Print E-mail

Tso Ki Foo


LaFargue Collection


Pinyin & Chinese characters Cao Jifu  曹吉福

Variant Spellings & Other Names Dzau Kit Foo
Ki Tso Woo
Woo Ki Tsao
Woo Ki Tsaw
Woo Ki Tso

Other Chinese Name(s) 曹俊德

Detachment 1

LaFargue No. 20

Date of Birth 1860

Place of Birth Chuansha Ting 川沙厅, Jiangsu Province

Age at Departure for US 13 (Lunar Calendar)

Date of Death  
Place of Death Shanghai

Place(s) of Residence in US Hartford, CT1

American Host Family/ies Mrs. H. Blakeslee1

School(s), with dates Hartford West Middle Public School;1

Hartford Public High School.1

Notable Activities/Awards in School  
College/University, with dates  
Notable Activities/Awards in College  
Degree/Diploma Obtained (date)  
First Assignment in China  
Later Positions Joined a law firm; went into business.

Employment Sector(s) Law; Business

Final Rank, if in Gov't Service  
Father's Name  
Mother's Name  
Family Relations w/ other CEM Students  
Children's Names

(S): Linson Edward Dzau (Cao Linsheng) 曹霖生(1895-1978);

(D):Cao Huiying 曹惠英; Cao Meiying 曹美英;
Cao Xiuying 曹秀英

Descendants Linson's line: (GS): Francis 曹又霖; (GD): Lelia 曹丽莲; Sylvia 曹雪微

(GGS): Julian Suez 史济良 (GS of Cao Meiying)

Prior to joining the CEM, Tso was attending the boys' boarding school established in Shanghai by the American Episcopal Mission and run by Lydia Mary Fay.  New Shan Chow (Niu Shangzhou 牛尚周 I, 12) and Chin Mon Fay (Qian Wenkiu 钱文魁 I, 28) also attended the school before they joined the CEM.2

Tso was said at one time to have worked for Hiram Shaw Wilkinson, British Crown Advocate in Shanghai 1881, and later, Chief Justice of H.M.  Supreme Court for China and Corea in 1900. 

Born in China, Linson Edward Dzau earned a B.S. degree from the U.S. Military Academy (West Point), 1918.  His papers are held in the USMA Library.  He served as a Secretary to the China delegation to the Washington Conference, Nov. 1921-Feb. 1922.  From 1922 to 1926 he was professor of military science and commandant at Tsing Hua University.  He later became an advisor to Marshal Chang Tso-lin (Zhang Zuolin) 張作霖.  During the 1930s, he rose to a General in the Chinese Air Force.  An alternative source revealed that, like his father, he attended Hartford Public High School in 1911, and then the private Taft School in 1913.3 In his latter years, he founded Linson College in Macau which operated, with many American teachers on staff, during the 1960s and 1970s.4

Francis was a professor of English at Fudan 复旦University, Shanghai.

Cao Huiying married Nie Sih-zung (Ni Xichun 倪锡纯), brother-in-law of New Shan Chow (Niu Shangzhou 牛尚周 I, 12) and Won Bing Chung (Wen Bingzhong 温秉忠 II, 36).

Cao Meiying married Iuming Suez (Shi Youming) 史悠明, a diplomat who served under the Peking Government as consul general, charge d'affaires and minister in various postings in New York, and Central and South American countries, 1920-28.

Cao Xiuying married F.C. Yen (Yan Fuqing 颜福庆) 1882-1970, the cousin of W.W. Yen (Yan Huiqing  颜惠庆) the famous diplomat and five-times premier of China.  F.C. Yen obtained an M.D. from Yale (1909) and had a distinguished career in medical eduation in China.

Notes and Source

1.  According to Robyn (1996), pp. 144, 152, 153; unconfirmed by other sources.  As Tso's name did not appear in the June 1880 U.S. Census, by then he might have returned to China.

2. Rhoads (2011), pp. 33f.

3.  See "A Preliminary Guide to Twentieth Century Manuscripts in the U.S. Military Academy Library", p. 15, item 98.  <http://digital-library.usma.edu/libmedia/archives/guides/manuscript_20th_century.pdf>;
See also: John Wands Sacca, "Like Strangers in a Foreign Land: Chinese Officers Prepared at American Military Colleges, 1904-37," in Journal of Military History, 70:3 (July 2006), 712;
Westel W. Willoughby, China at the Conference: a Report (1922), p. 413;
K. Bruce Galloway & Robert Bowie Johnson, West Point: America's Power Fraternity (1973), p. 212;
Lowell Thomas & Edward Jablonski, Doolittle: a Biography (1976), p. 224.

4.  See the blog of former teacher, Gary Patton: http://www.gapatton.net/2010/01/26-hong-kong-revisited.html (20 May, 2012); reference kindly provided by Linson College alumnus, Bernard Chan.

Family and marital details kindly provided by Mr. York Lo and Mr. Julian Suez.