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Chang Hsiang Woo

Pinyin & Chinese characters Zhang Xianghe 张祥和

Variant Spellings & Other Names Chiang Siang Ho1
Cheong Yan Kung
Chin Kia Shu
Shing Woo Ching
C. C. Woo
Cheong Cheung Woo2

Other Chinese Names

Detachment 2
LaFargue No. 43
Date of Birth 1863

Place of Birth Wuxian, Jiangsu

Age at Departure for U.S. 11 (Lunar Calendar)
Date of Death 8 Aug 19083
Place of Death Beijing3

Place(s) of residence in U.S. (1) Farms Village (Simsbury), CT;
(2) Hartford, CT.

American Host Family/ies (1) Clara J. Alford, Farms Village (Simsbury), CT
(2) William H. Kellogg, 101 Laurel St., Hartford4

School(s), with dates Hartford West Middle Public School (?)5
Williston Seminary, Easthampton, MA, 1877-79
Hartford Public High School, Hartford, CT, 1879-80 (Class of 1880).

Notable activities/ awards in school At the Hartford Public High School’s graduation ceremonies, 22 April 1880, Chang gave a declamation from American reformer Wendell Philips’s oration on Irish nationalist Daniel O’Connell,:   “Mr. Cheong, Cheung or Woo (we must confess an ignorance of which title the gentleman prefers) proved himself a ready speaker, in the recitation of “Daniel O’Connell,” by Wendell Philips.  Mr. Woo’s use of even the intonation of the language is almost perfect; his gestures entirely natural, and his style conversational rather than forensic—perhaps a trifle too much so.  His effort was greeted with hearty applause and he was presented with two large baskets of flowers.”6

College/University, with dates Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY, 1880-817
Notable activities/ awards in College

Degree/Diploma Obtained, with date  
First Assignment in China

Later Positions Saw diplomatic service in Spain and Peru.  Later went into business in Beijing.

Employment sector(s) Diplomatic Service; Business.

Final rank, if in gov't service Taotai3

Father's name

Mother's name  
Family relations w/ other CEM students

Children's Names



As “C. C. Woo,” Chang was listed as a member of the Committee to draw up the “Constitution” of the Societas Condita Causa Augendarum Rerum Chinensium Christiana, a Christian society organized ca. 1878-79 by CEM students.  Other members of the Committee were “C. C. Tsoy” (Cai Jinzhang 蔡锦章 I, 9) and “K. O. Tong” (Tang Guoan 唐国安 II, 49).

In his memoir of the CEM, Yung Kwai provided a brief note on Chang’s career after his return to China:  “C. C. Woo also contrived to evade the clutches of those who were to look after him.  After quite a number of adventures and thrilling escapes, he succeeded in securing a passage to America by way of the Suez Canal, thus circumnavigating the globe.  His life was not an easy one after he reached this "land of liberty."  He had to work hard to get a living.  A severe sickness confined him to his bed for some weeks.  He tried to sell tea.  He was called to Washington to teach the members of the Chinese Legation English.  He was unfortunate enough in incurring censure from the Chinese Minister & was discharged.  Then he went back to New York to take charge of a Chinese Sunday School, but many months after, he was called to accompany the Chinese Minister to Peru where he is now [date uncertain].”8

Notes and Sources

1. Springfield Daily Republican, 26 July 1873, 3.

2. This variant spelling probably approximates the pronunciation of his surname and the two elements of his personal name in his own dialect.  (He was one of two CEM students who are identified in Chinese sources as natives of Wu District, in Jiangsu. See Wang Renbin 王仁彬 IV, 116.)  However, his habit of abbreviating it to “C. C. Woo,” is confusing in that it wrongly suggests his surname was “Woo.”

3. An obituary notice published in the North China Herald, 15 August 1908, p. 415, records the "death at Peking from consumption, on the 8th instant, of Taotai C. W. Chang, a returned American student of the Chinese Educational Mission to the United States of the seventies....He was connected at the time of his death with the Peking branch of Messrs. Arnhold, Karberg & Co. [German trading firm (德商瑞記洋行) founded in Canton, 1866.]"

4. U.S. Census 1880. Also noted in Robyn (1996), 185. William H. Kellogg (1853-1914) was a younger brother of Yung Wing’s wife, née Mary Louisa Kellogg (1851-1886).

5. Robyn (1996), p. 153; unconfirmed elsewhere.

6. "Reading and Declaiming," Hartford Daily Courant, 23 April 1880, 1; quoted in Robyn (1996), pp. 46-47.

7. Rhoads (2011), p. 117, Table 8.1.

8. Yung Kwai (2001), 13.