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Chu Pao Fay


1919 CEM Reunion (LaFargue Collection).

Pinyin & Chinese characters Zhu Baokui 朱宝奎

Variant Spellings & Other Names Chu Pao Kuei
Chu Pau Fay
American nickname: “Flounder”1

Other Chinese Name(s) Zhu Ziwen 朱子文

Detachment 3

LaFargue No. 65

Date of Birth 1862

Place of Birth Yanghu, Jiangsu

Age at Departure for US 13 (Lunar Calendar)

Date of Death 1925

Place of Death Shanghai

Place(s) of Residence in US (1) South Hadley Falls, MA
(2) New Haven, CT

American Host Family/ies (1) Miss Emma Moore, South Hadley Falls, MA
(2) Mcdelena Walz, New Haven, CT2

School(s), with dates South Hadley Falls Grammar School, South Hadley Falls, MA, 1875?-76
South Hadley Falls High School, South Hadley Falls, MA, 1876-78
Hopkins Grammar School, New Haven, CT, 1878-813

Notable Activities/Awards in School At South Hadley High School, took first prize in declamation;
1876: first prize in spelling at Hopkins Grammar School4;
1880: ranked fourth in his class, Hopkins Grammar School.

College/University, with dates Yale College, Class of 1885 (non-graduating)5

Notable Activities/Awards in College  
Degree/Diploma Obtained (date)  
First Assignment in China Studied law at Tianjin

Later Positions

Secretary to Sheng Xuanhuai 盛宣怀, Manager of China Merchants Steam Navigation Company;

1898 Aug: Appointed a managing director of Imperial Chinese Railway Administration (North China Herald, 8 August 1898, pp. 257f);

Managing Director, Imperial Chinese Telegraph Administration6;

1899-1905: General Manager of Shanghai Telegraph Office (See below under "Other")6;

1903 Mar: Appointed Chief Director, Shanghai-Soochow-Nanking Railway6;

Commissioner, Jinan Bureau of Foreign Affairs, Shandong Province;

Secretary, Board of Communications;

1906 Sept. 18: Appointed Minister to the Japanese Court at Tokyo; however, Chu was not sent to post7;

1906 Nov. 14: Promoted to Junior Deputy Vice-President 外务部右侍郎, Board of Foreign Affairs 外务部7;

1907: Vice Minister of Communications 邮传部左侍郎;

Employment Sector(s) Telegraph; Government

Final Rank, if in Gov't Service As of 1905, Expectant Daotai of Zhili 直隶 Province 直隶侯补道台, Red Button 2nd Rank Mandarin;

Vice-President, Board of Foreign Affairs

Father's Name Zhu Yunshan 朱雲山

Mother's Name  
Family Relations w/ other CEM Students  
Children's Names  
Other According to the North China Herald of 24 Feb 1905, the farewell entertainment occasioned by Chu’s retirement as Manager of the Chinese Telegraph Administration bureau in Shanghai "...was a unanimous recognition on the part of those who had served under him, of Taotai Chu Pao-fay's popularity and unfailing kindness and courtesy in his treatment of his subordinates during his six years' office as head of the local branch of the Chinese Telegraphs...H.E. is succeeded at the Telegraph office here by Mr. Chou Wan-pang [Chow Wan Pung (Zhou Wanpeng 周万鹏 III, 69)], expectant prefect, who was Assistant Manager; that post being now taken by Mr. Y. C. Tong [Tong Yuen Chan (Tang Yuanzhan 唐元湛 II, 53)], formerly Controller of the office."

In May, 1907, The Washington Post reported:  “…For some time it has been generally understood that Chu Paufay, an under secretary in the foreign office at Peking, would be Sir Chentung’s successor.  Mr. Chu, as he is known, is a close friend of the present Minister, and has been a candidate for the place for some time.”8  Chu was not appointed to succeed Sir Chentung Liang Cheng (Liang Pixu 梁丕旭 IV, 118), who had served as Minister to the U.S. since 1903 and was recalled in April, 1907.  Though Liang Tun Yen (Liang Dunyan 梁敦彥 I, 11) was appointed to the position, he was immediately reassigned to other duties.  Minister Liang was eventually succeeded by Wu Tingfang 伍廷芳.

 “[Chu’s] failing health forced him to retire from active service before the advent of the republic.”9

Notes and Sources

1. LaFargue (1987), 91; Qian & Hu (2003), 81; Qian & Hu (2004), 93.

2. U.S. Census records, June 1880.  Also boarding with Mcdelena Walz (according to Yale publications, at 114 High St., New Haven): Kee Tsu Yi (Qi Zuyi 祁祖彞 III, 82), then a Freshman in the Class of 1883 at the Sheffield Scientific School.

3. Rhoads (2011), So. Hadley Falls Grammar Schl.: p. 91, Table 7.1; So. Hadley Falls HS, Hopkins Grammar Sch.: p. 99, Table 7.3

4. Hartford Daily Courant, 27 April 1877; noted in Robyn (1996), 175, n. 93.

5. Chu Pao Fay claimed a connection with Yale as a non-graduating member of the Yale Academical Department (i.e., College) Class of 1885.  It is probable that he intended to enter Yale with that Class in the fall of 1881, but was prevented by the recall of the CEM students in the summer and returned to China before he could register with the Class.  He was an active member of the Yale Alumni Association of China.  Cf. North China Herald, 9 Dec. 1904, pp. 1301-02; and Directory (1905), p. 3.

6. Imp. Ch. Railway Admin: North China Herald, 8 August 1898, pp. 257f; Gen. Mgr. Shanghai Telegraph Office: North China Herald, 24 Feb 1905, p. 86, "Farewell Entertainment to a Popular Manager"; Chief Dir., Shanghai-Soochow-Nanking Railway: North China Herald, 12 Mar 1903, p. 489.

7. Minister to Tokyo: North China Herald, 21 September 1906, p. 727, "Imperial Decrees"; Jr. Deputy Vice-President 外务部右侍郎, Board of Foreign Affairs 外务部: North China Herald, 16 November 1906, p. 400, "Imperial Decree".

8. Washington Post, 6 May 1907, p. 14.

9. LaFargue (1987), 92.