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Kwong King Yang


Pinyin & Chinese characters Kuang Jingyang 邝景扬

Variant Spellings & Other Names King Yang Kwong
Y. K. Kwong
K. Y. Kwong
K'uang Sun-mou 邝孙谋

Other Chinese Name(s) Kuang Xingchi 邝星池

Detachment 3

LaFargue No. 64

Date of Birth 1862 (1863?)1

Place of Birth Nanhai, Guangdong

Age at Departure for US 13 (Lunar Calendar)1

Date of Death  
Place of Death Tianjin

Place(s) of Residence in US Easthampton, MA

American Host Family/ies Miss Dorcas C. Miller, Easthampton, MA.

School(s), with dates

Studied at a private school in Canton, 1868-73;

CEM preparatory school in Shanghai, 1873-74;

Williston Academy, Northampton, MA, 1877-802

Notable Activities/Awards in School  
College/University, with dates M.I.T. 1880-81, Civil Engineering (Class of 1884)2
Notable Activities/Awards in College  
Degree/Diploma Obtained (date)  
First Assignment in China Tangshan Mining School.  One of seven returned CEM students sent to the Tangshan Kaiping Mining School, Tangshan, China (唐山开平矿务学堂), in 1882, where they were instructed in assaying and mining by an American electrical engineer and professor of chemistry and mineralogy, E. K. Buttles.3

Later Positions

Hired along with Jeme Tien Yau (Zhan Tianyou 詹天佑 I, 15) by Wu Tingfang 伍庭芳 to work under Chief Engineer C. W. Kinder for the China Railway Co.4;

1882-86: General assistant in Kaiping Mining Co., Tongshan;5

1885-91: Railway Student, Shanhaikwan-Tientsin Railway;

1886-1900: Assistant Engineer, Peking-Mukden Railway;

1892-1905: Engineer, Engineering Dept. of Peking-Mukden Railway;

1901-03: Assistant Engineer, Pinghsiang-Chuchow Railway;

1903-05: Peking-Mukden Railway, Resident Engineer;

1903-12: Engineer-in-Chief of Hankou Railway, Canton section;

1905-06: Peking-Kalgan Railway, District Engineer;

1906: Engineer-in-Chief, Canton-Hankow Railway, Canton end;

1911-16: Chief Engineer of the Peking-Kalgan-Suiyuan Railway [平绥路);

1916: Served as Vice-President of Chinese Institute of Engineers and as President in 1919;6

1917-19: Chief Engineer, Tientsin-Pukow Railway;

1920-21: Shop superintendent, Peiking-Hankow & Peking-Suiyuan Railways;

1921-22: Engineer-in-Chief, Peking-Suiyuan & Consulting Engineer, Peking-Hankow Railway;

For some time president of the Association of Chinese and American engineers, and of the Chinese Engineers' Association; member of the Commission for the location of railroad lines called by the Ministry of Communications. 

1922:  Retired to private life.

Employment Sector(s) Railway Engineering

Final Rank, if in Gov't Service Chief Engineer

Father's Name  
Mother's Name  
Family Relations w/ other CEM Students Cousin of Kwong Yen Chow (Kuang Xianchou 邝䝨俦 III, 84). (The cousins boarded with Miss Miller for all seven years of their education in the U.S.2)

Children's Names  


Dec 1912: Jiahe Zhang 嘉禾章, 5th Order;

Nov 1913: Wenhu Zhang 文虎章 4th Order;

Mar 1915: Jiahe Zhang, 4th Order;

Dec 1917: Jiahe Zhang, 3rd Order;

Feb 1921: Baoguang Jiahe Zhang 宝光嘉禾章, 4th Order.

Notes and Sources 

1. Most Chinese sources note year of birth 1862 (renxu 壬戌), 13 sui at departure. The list of CEM student names complied by Won Bing Chung (Wen Bingzhong 温秉忠 II, 36) gives age at departure as 12 sui 岁, year of birth 1863 (guihai 癸亥). 

2. Schools at Canton and Shanghai: Who’s Who (1917; 1978), p. 196; Williston Seminary, Easthampton, MA: ibid.; Rhoads (2011), p. 100, Table 7.3; M.I.T.: Who’s Who (1917; 1978), p. 196; Rhoads (2011), p. 117, Table 8.1. With Miss Miller throughout: Rhoads (2011), p. 101.

3. CEM students at Kaiping Mining School: Rhoads (2011), pp. 190-94, Table 11.1; cf. LaFargue (1987) (variant list), pp. 96-97. Edwin Knight Buttles (1859-1925?), was a graduate of Hobart College, Geneva, NY (A.B. 1881, A.M. 1885). Sent by the Episcopal Church in 1882 to teach "natural science" at St. Johns University in Shanghai, he soon resigned and was hired as electrical engineer at the Kaiping Mines and as instructor of the former CEM students at the mining school. In his later life in America he became an Episcopal clergyman, known as Edwin Knight Buttolph. Rhoads (2011), p. 272, n. 51.

4. Pomerantz-Zhang (1992), 86.

5. Engineering career and awards: Who’s Who (1917; 1978), 195-96; and Who's Who (1925), 428-29.

6.  Xie (2008), pp. 173 & 190 respectively.