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Liang Pao Chew


1. 1890 CEM Christmas Reunion (LaFargue Collection)


Pinyin & Chinese characters Liang Puzhao 梁普照

Variant Spellings & Other Names Liang Poo Chau1
Liang Poo Chew2
Liang Poo Chou
Liang Porcheon3
Liang Por Chew4

Other Chinese Names Liang Zi Lin (hao) 梁子临(号)
Liang Kuan Liang (zi) 梁宽亮 (字)

Detachment 2
LaFargue No. 58
Date of Birth 18 October 1860

Place of Birth Xi Guan (now Li Wan) District of Guangzhou 广州 西关 (今荔湾区 )5

Age at Departure for U.S. 14 (Lunar Calendar), 13 (Western Calendar, by date of birth)
Date of Death 2 May 1902
Place of Death Yichang, Hubei 湖北 宜昌市
Place(s) of residence in U.S. Northampton, MA

American Host Family/ies Misses Isabel G. & Harriet M. Clark, 58 Elm Street, Northampton, MA6
School(s), with dates Northampton High School, before 1880.
Notable activities/ awards in school

College/University, with dates Columbia College School of Mines, New York, 1880-81.

Notable activities/ awards in College

Degree/Diploma Obtained, with date  
First Assignment in China Sent to Tangshan Kaiping Mining School, Tangshan, China (唐山开平矿务学堂), in 1882, Liang was one of seven returned CEM students instructed in assaying and mining at the Tangshan school by an American electrical engineer and professor of chemistry and mineralogy, E. K. Buttles.7

Later Positions

Worked at Tangshan Kaiping Mining Bureau and became Secretary; Deputy Manager of Shipping for Tangshan Mining and Engineering Co.;

Listed as "Book-keeper" for the Chinese Engineering and Mining Co. in issues of the Chronicle & Directory for China, Japan and the Philippines for 1884, 1885 and 1886; and as "agent" (at Tongku) for the Company's Shipping Department in 1892 and 1893.8

Later joined Messrs. Jardine, Matheson, and Co. as First Representative in charge of shipping in Shanghai, and General Manager of shipping along the Yangtze River in Yichang, Hubei (湖北 宜昌) while the port was open.

Employment sector(s) Mining; business; shipping.

Final rank, if in gov't service

Father's name Liang Huannan 梁焕南9

Mother's name Cui (surname) 崔氏
Wife/wives (1) Su (surname) 苏氏;
(2) Xie (surname) 谢氏 , after death of (1)

Family relations w/ other CEM students Older brother of Liang Pao Shi (Liang Pushi 梁普时 II, 57)

Children's Names

Eldest son Liang Qi Ying (Yu Zhi) 梁启英 (育之), Senior Civil Engineer for Railway, Highway and Airport building; after graduation, worked as Intern Engineer under Chief Engineer Jeme Tien Yau (Zhan Tianyou 詹天佑 I, 15) for constructing Beijing-Zhangjiakou Railway 京张铁路;
2nd son Liang Qi Chang 梁启昌;
3rd son Liang Qi Zhao 梁启兆;
Daughter Liang Mei Chang 梁美常

Descendants Grandson Liang Zanxun 梁赞勋, Senior Aeronautical Engineer, Aviation Industry of China (AVIC);
Granddaughter Liang Run Kun 梁润琨; Great grandson Huang Tian Ji 黄天骥, Professor of Ancient Chinese Literature, Zhongshan University;
Great granddaughters Liang Yan 梁焰, Qiang Liang Xiong 梁青, Huang Pei Yu 黄佩瑜, Huang Pei Ling 黄佩玲


Notes and Sources

1. Columbia College Annual Register 1880-81, p 8.47 (Courtesy Susan G. Hamson, Director of Columbia University Archives; copied and presented to Liang Zanxun on 25 July 2005); Hampshire Gazette 5 Aug 1873, p.3.

2. Signature on list of the second group of returning students who attended farewell gathering held on Sunday, 21 August 1881, at home of Mrs. Fannie P. (Hinsdale) Bartlett, in Hartford, CT. Copy in LaFargue (Pullman).

3. Springfield Daily Republican, 26 July 1873, 3.

4. U.S. Census, Northampton, MA, 1880.

5. Chinese sources give “Panyu, Guangdong” 番禺⼴东 as place of origin for both Liang Pao Chew and his younger brother, Liang Pao Shi (Liang Pushi 梁普时 II, 57).  Liang Pao Chew, Liang Pao Shi, and Jeme Tian Yau (Zhan Tianyou 詹天佑 I, 15) are known by modern historians as “The Three Boy Students From Xi Guan, Guangzhou.”

6. Rhoads (2011), p. 52, Table 5.1.

7. Students at the Kaiping Mining School: Rhoads (2011), pp. 190-94, Table 11.1; cf. LaFargue (1987) (variant list), pp. 96-97. Edwin Knight Buttles (1859-1925?) was a graduate of Hobart College, Geneva, NY (A.B. 1881,  A.M. 1885). Sent by the Episcopal Church in 1882 to teach "natural science" at St. Johns University in Shanghai, he was soon hired to serve as electrical engineer at the Kaiping Mines and as instructor of the returned CEM students at the mining school. (Rhoads (2011), p. 272, n. 51.) In America he taught chemistry, engineering and metallurgy at Hobart, eventually becoming a priest in the Episcopal Church (from 1917). As clergyman, he was known by the name, Edwin Knight Buttolph.

8. Information kindly supplied by Mr. Peter Crush of Hong Kong.

9. "The father of Liang Pushi and Liang Puzhao was in the tea and silk businesses in Shanghai and Jiujiang." Rhoads (2011), p. 28.