About the Site

Owing to its early abandonment by the Government, the Chinese Educational Mission became a mere footnote in history, and all but forgotten by the general public.  However, since the late 1990s, it has been gaining increasing attention and is now being studied as a significant milestone in China's hesitant journey towards modernization.  Furthermore, Yung Wing is now acclaimed in China as 留学生之父 ─ "the Father of Foreign-educated Students". 

In 1998, a first mini-conference on Yung Wing and the CEM was held at Yale University, followed in 2001 by a second, more comprehensive gathering of descendants, historians and graduate students.  Meanwhile, in 2000 Yung Wing's historic role in China-U.S. cultural exchange was recognized by the unveiling at Yale of a new portrait of Yung Wing as an undergraduate, commissioned by the Yale-China Association and painted by American artist Judith Reeve of New Haven.  In 2004, as part of Yale University’s commemoration of the 150th anniversary of his graduation, a bronze statue of Yung Wing was donated to Yale by the municipal authorities of Zhuhai, Yung's birthplace.  Within China, there have been conferences on Yung Wing and the CEM held in Zhuhai in 2002 and 2004, and in Hong Kong in 2003.  The CEM has also figured prominently in major exhibitions in 2003 on the history of China's foreign-educated students in both Beijing and Hong Kong.  The China Central TV documentary Boy Students 《幼童》 (2004), together with its related print publications, were widely circulated in the country.  These are all positive signs of interest.

"CEMConnections.org" began as an idea shared among several third-generation descendants of CEM students who made contact at the Yale and Zhuhai conferences.  Our strong interest in preserving the heritage of our pioneering grandfathers and their compatriots on the Mission has prompted us to assemble accurate historical and biographical data about this unique chapter of Chinese history.  The Worldwide Web allows us to disseminate it in a format accessible to students and other interested individuals.

PLEASE NOTE: "CEM Connections" is not an organization with a central location and staff, so we are not set up for the purpose of supplying copies of materials or photographs.  These may be obtained from the institutions listed under "Credits and Sources" and from the reference sources listed in the Bibliography. 


Bruce A. Chan  陈肇基, grandson of Chung Mun Yew (Zhong Wenyao 钟文耀 I, 2), born in Hong Kong and educated there and in England, is a retired educational administrator, teacher of English and professional librarian, now living in Toronto.  He was responsible for drafting five of the essays in the History Section, as well as the Student Profiles of the First and Fourth Detachments.  He may be reached at This e-mail address is being protected from spam bots, you need JavaScript enabled to view it

Jacqueline Wei Mintz, granddaughter of Chung Mun Yew (Zhong Wenyao 钟文耀 I, 2), and a retired attorney in the U.S., was responsible for the first realization of the site's design, and also participated in the editing.  Following two years of hard work, for which we are grateful, she withdrew from the team after the site's launching.  The current redesign was kindly volunteered by Caroline Chan 陈慕真 ─ great-granddaughter of Chung Mun Yew (Zhong Wenyao 钟文耀 I, 2) ─ who designed the web pages and graphics, as well as by her ex-husband, Trevor Oke, who provided custom programming for the site.

Dana B. Young, grandson of Yung Kwai (Rong Kui 容揆 II, 34), is a retired teacher of classical Japanese language and literature, and since 1980 has resided in Austin, Texas.  He was responsible for drafting two of the essays in the History Section, as well as the Student Profiles of the Second and Third Detachments.  He may be reached at This e-mail address is being protected from spam bots, you need JavaScript enabled to view it

As members of the site team we share full responsibility for the contents of CEM Connections and for the views expressed therein. Should you find any factual errors or omissions, or problems in moving around the site, please let us know by using "Contact Us".